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          In prep - Submitted - In revision

           - Filée , J., M. López-Villavicencio, V. Debat, R. Fourdin, C. Salazar, K. Lucas Silva-Brandão, P. Blandin, A. V. L. Freitas, C. Pardo-Diaz & V. Llaurens. Wild communities of Morpho butterflies reveal Spiroplasma endosymbiont with inflated genome size and peculiar evolution.

            - Lopez Villavicencio M., J. Ledamoisel, C. Lopez-Roques, V. Debat & V. Llaurens. Increased evolutionary rate in the Z-chromosome of Morpho butterflies and implications for speciation.

            - Fraimout A., S. Chantepie, N. Navarro, C.Teplitsky & V. Debat. Evolution of genetic (co) variances during the worldwide invasion of Drosophila suzukii


       Debat V., M. Elias and V. Llaurens. Pourquoi les papillons sont-ils si colorés ?, Encyclopédie de l’Environnement.[ISSN 2555-0950] url : https://www.encyclopedie-environnement.org/vivant/pourquoi-les-papillons-sont-ils-si-colores/.


     (67) Bastide, H., Villavicencio, M. L., Ogereau, D., Lledo, J., Dutrillaux, A. M., Debat, V., & Llaurens, V. Genome assembly of three Amazonian Morpho butterfly species reveals Z-chromosome rearrangements between closely-related species living in sympatry. GigaScience Volume 12, 2023, giad033 http://dx.doi.org/10.5524/102362

    (66) Chotard A., V. Llaurens and V. Debat. Patterns of morphological variation highlight the effect of natural selection on eyespots modularity in the butterfly Morpho telemachus. Evolution, 77(2), 384–393


    (65) Yassin, A., Gidaszewski, N., Debat, V., & David, J. R.  Long-term evolution of quantitative traits in the Drosophila melanogaster species subgroup. Genetica, 1-11. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10709-022-00171-9

    (64) Le Roy C., N. Silva, R. Godoy-Diana, V. Debat, V. Llaurens and F. Muijres. Divergence of climbing escape flight performance in Morpho butterflies living in different microhabitats. Journal of Experimental Biology 225 (15): jeb243867. https://doi.org/10.1242/jeb.243867

    (63) Chotard A., J. Ledamoisel, T. Decamps, A. Herrel, A. Chaine, V. Llaurens and V. Debat. Evidence of attack deflection suggests adaptive evolution of wing tails in butterflies. Proceedings of the Royal Society of London Biology 289: 8920220562. https://doi.org/10.1098/rspb.2022.0562

    (62) Neaux D., Harbers H., Blanc B., Ortiz, K., Locatelli Y., Herrel A., Debat V. and T. Cucchi. The effect of captivity on cranial and postcranial ontogenetic trajectories in wild boar. Journal of Experimental Zoology Part B: Molecular and Developmental Evolution 1-11. https://doi.org/10.1002/jez.b.23130


(61) Le Roy C., C. Roux, E. Authier, H. Parrinello, H. Bastide, V. Debat* and V. Llaurens*. Convergent morphology and divergent phenology promote the coexistence of Morpho butterfly species. 
 Nature Communications 12, 7248.
*Equal contribution https://doi.org/10.1038/s41467-021-27549-1

(60) Le Roy C., D. Amadori, S. Charberet, J. Windt, F.T. Muijres, V. Llaurens* and V. Debat*. Adaptive evolution of flight in Morpho butterflies. Science 374(6571) 1158-1162 *Equal contribution
DOI: 10.1126/science.abh2620

(59) Chazot N., Blandin P., Elias M., Debat V. & Condamine F.L. Punctuational ecological changes rather than global factors drive species diversification and the evolution of wing phenotypes in Morpho butterflies.  Journal of Evolutionary Biology 34, 1592-1607. https://doi.org/10.1111/jeb.13921

(58) Naterro J., G. Mougabure-Cueto, V. Debat and R. E. Gürtler. Phenotypic plasticity, canalization and developmental stability of Triatoma infestans wings: effects of a sublethal application of a pyrethroid insecticide.  Parasites & Vectors 14(1), 1-12 https://doi.org/10.1186/s13071-021-04857-5

(57) Neaux, D., B. Blanc, K. Ortiz, Y. Locatelli, R. Schafberg, A. Herrel, V. Debat and T. Cucchi. Constraints associated with captivity alter craniomandibular integration in wild boar. Journal of Anatomy 239: 489-497  https://doi.org/10.1111/joa.13425

(56) Llaurens V., Y. Le Poul, A. Puissant, C. Noûs, P. Blandin and V. Debat. Convergence in sympatry: evolution of blue-banded wing patterns in Morpho butterflies. Journal of Evolutionary Biology 34 (2), 284– 295 https://doi.org/10.1111/jeb.13726

(55) Neaux, D., Blanc, B., Ortiz, K., Locatelli, Y., Laurens, F., Baly, I., R. Schafberg, J.-D. Vigne, V. Debat, A. Herrel and T. Cucchi. How Changes in Functional Demands Associated with Captivity Affect the Skull Shape of a Wild Boar (Sus scrofa). Evolutionary Biology, 48: 27–40. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11692-020-09521-x 


(54) Hassani I.M., E.L. Behrman, S.R. Prigent, N. Gidaszewski, L.H. Raveloson Ravaomanarivo, A. Suwalski, V. Debat, J.R. David and A. Yassin. First occurrence of the pest Drosophila suzukii (Diptera: Drosophilidae) in the Comoros Archipelago (Western Indian Ocean). African Entomology 28(1): 78–83 https://doi.org/10.4001/003.028.0078

(53) Debat V., N. Chazot, S. Jarosson, P. Blandin and V. Llaurens. What drives the diversification of eyespots in Morpho butterflies? Disentangling developmental and selective constraints from neutral evolution. Frontiers in Ecology and Evolution 8, 112. https://doi.org/10.3389/fevo.2020.00112

(52) Mérot C, Debat, V., Le Poul, Y., ... Joron, M. Hybridization and transgressive exploration of colour pattern and wing morphology in Heliconius butterflies. Journal of Evolutionary Biology 33: 942– 956.  https://doi.org/10.1111/jeb.13626 

(51) Varon-Gonzalez, C., A. Fraimout, A. Delapré, V. Debat* and R. Cornette*. Limited thermal plasticity and geographic divergence in the ovipositor of Drosophila suzukii. Royal Society Open Science  7 : 191577https://doi.org/10.1098/rsos.191577  *Equal contribution.

 (50) Varon-Gonzalez, C., A. Fraimout and  V. Debat. Drosophila suzukii wing spot size is robust to developmental temperature. Ecology and Evolution https://doi.org/10.1002/ece3.5902


(49) Le Roy, C., R. Cornette, V. Llaurens* and V. Debat*. Effects of natural wing damage on flight performance in Morpho butterflies: what can it tell us about wing shape evolution?  *Equal contribution. Journal of Experimental Biology 222(16), jeb204057 PDF

(48) Gibert, P., V. Debat and C. K. Ghalambor (2019) Phenotypic plasticity, global change, and the speed of adaptive evolution. Current Opinion in Insects Science 35:34–40 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cois.2019.06.007  

(47) Le Roy C., V. Debat* and V. Llaurens* (2019) Adaptive evolution of butterfly wing shape: from morphology to behavior. Biological Reviews  *equal contribution.  https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/full/10.1111/brv.12500

(46) Varon-Gonzalez C., Vallares L., Debat V.* and N. Navarro* (2019) Mouse skull mean shape and shape robustness rely on different genetic architectures and different loci. Frontiers in Genetics
 *Equal contribution https://doi.org/10.3389/fgene.2019.00064

(45) Debat V. and A. Le Rouzic (2019) Canalization: a central concept in biology. Seminars in Cell and Developmental Biology https://doi.org/10.1016/j.semcdb.2018.05.012 


(44) Gérard M., D. Michez, V. Debat, L. Fullgrabe, I. Meeus, N. Piot, O. Sculfort, M. Vastrade, G. Smagghe, and M. Vanderplanck. Stressful conditions reveal decrease in size, modification of shape but relatively stable asymmetry in bumblebee wings. Scientific Reports  8 (1), 15169

(43) Dardalhon-Cumenal D., J. Deraze, C. A. Dupont, V. Ribeiro, A. Coleno-Costes, J. Pouch, S. Le Crom, H. Thomassin-Bourrel, V. Debat, N. B. Randsholt and F. Peronnet (2018) Cyclin G And The Polycomb Repressive Complexes PRC1 And PR-DUB Cooperate For Developmental Stability. PLoS Genetics https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pgen.1007498 

(42) Debat V., S. Berthier, P. Blandin, N. Chazot, M. Elias, D.Gomez and V. Llaurens (2018) Why are Morpho blue? In: Evolution & Biodiversity (P. Grandcolas & M.-C. Maurel, eds) Elsevier pp 139-174, ISBN 9781785482779, https://doi.org/10.1016/B978-1-78548-277-9.50009-7. PDF 

A french version of this paper, published by ISTE, is available upon request

    Debat V., S. Berthier, P. Blandin, N. Chazot, M. Elias, D.Gomez and V. Llaurens (2018) Pourquoi les Morpho sont-ils bleus? In: Evolution & Biodiversité (P. Grandcolas & M.-C. Maurel, eds) ISTE Editions 

(41) Fraimout, A., P. Jacquemart, B. Villaroel, D. J. Aponte, T. Decamps, A. Herrel, R. Cornette and V. Debat (2018) Phenotypic plasticity of Drosophila suzukii wing to developmental temperature: implications for flight. Journal of Experimental Biology 221: https://jeb.biologists.org/content/221/13/jeb166868  PDF 

(40) Vandaele R.,  J. Aceto, M. Muller, F. Peronnet, V. Debat, C.-W. Wang, C-T. Huang, S. Jodogne, P. Martinive, P. Geurts, and R. Marée (2018) Landmark detection in 2D bioimages for geometric morphometrics: a multi-resolution tree-based approach. Scientific Reports https://doi.org/10.1038/s41598-017-18993-5   


(39) Arambourou H., A. Chaumot, E. Vulliet, G. Daniele, N. Delorme, K. Abbaci and V. Debat (2017) Phenotypic defects in Gammarus fossarum (Amphipoda) exposed to fenoxycarb as embryo. Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety 144: 193–199 PDF  

(38)  Madi-Ravazzi L., L.F. Segala, V. Debat and J.R. David (2017) Fluctuating Asymmetry of meristic traits: an isofemale line analysis in an invasive drosophilid, Zaprionus indianus. Genetica  145:307–317 PDF  

(37) SavriamaY., Gerber S., Baiocco M., Debat V. and G. Fusco. (2017) Development and evolution of segmentation assessed by geometric morphometrics: the centipede Strigamia maritima as a case study. Arthropod Structure and Development  46 (3), 419-428 PDF  

(36) Fraimout A., V. Debat, S. Fellous et al. (2017) Deciphering the routes of invasion of Drosophila suzukii by means of ABC random forest. Molecular Biology and Evolution doi:10.1093/molbev/msx050 PDF  


(35) Debat, V. Symmetry is beauty - or is it? Grandeur et décadence de l'asymétrie fluctuante. (2016) Médecine/Sciences 32(8-9): 774-780. PDF

(34) Yassin A, Debat V, Bastide H, Gidaszewski N, David JR*, Pool JE*.  (2016) Recurrent specialization on a toxic fruit in an island Drosophila population. PNAS * co-last authorship. doi/10.1073/pnas.1522559113 PDF  

(33) Laparie M., P. Vernon, Y. Cozic, Y. Frenot, D. Renault and V. Debat. (2016) Wing morphology of the active flyer Calliphora vicina (Diptera, Calliphoridae) during its invasion of a world of flightlessness, the sub-Antarctic Kerguelen Islands. Biological Journal of the Linnean Society PDF  

(32) Savriama Y., M. Vitulo, S. Gerber, V. Debat* and G. Fusco*. (2016) Modularity and developmental stability in segmented animals: variation in translational asymmetry in geophilomorph centipedes. Development Genes and Evolution DOI 10.1007/s00427-016-0538-3. * co-last authorship PDF 

(31) Chazot, N., Panara, S., Zilbermann, N., Blandin, P., Le Poul, Y., Cornette, R., Elias, M. and Debat, V., (2016). Morpho morphometrics: Shared ancestry and selection drive the evolution of wing size and shape in Morpho butterflies. Evolution, 70(1):181-194. * co-last authorship PDF  


(30) Londe, S., T. Monnin, R. Cornette, V. Debat, B. R. Fisher and M. Molet. (2015) Phenotypic plasticity and modularity allow for the production of novel mosaic phenotypes in ants.  EvoDevo 3:36 PDF

(29) Peluffo, A.E., Nuez, I., Debat, V., Savisaar, R., Stern, D.L. and Orgogozo, V., 2015. A Major Locus Controls a Genital Shape Difference Involved in Reproductive Isolation Between Drosophila yakuba and Drosophila santomea. G3: Genes| Genomes| Genetics, 5(12), pp.2893-2901. PDF  

(28) Fraimout A., Loiseau A., Price D. K., Xuereb A., Martin J-F., Vitalis R., Fellous* R., Debat V.* and A. Estoup*. (2015) New set of microsatellite markers for the spotted-wing Drosophila suzukii (Diptera: Drosophilidae): a promising molecular tool to infer the invasion history of this major insect pest. European Journal of Entomology 112(4): 855-859. * co-last authorship  PDF  

V Debat (2015). HDR Thesis - Déterminants environnementaux, développementaux et fonctionnels de l'évolution des formes PDF (in french)


(27) David J. R., A. Yassin, N. Gidaszewski and V. Debat. (2014) Drosophilids (Diptera) from Mayotte island: an annotated list of species collected in 2013 and comments on the colonisation of Indian Ocean Islands. Annal. Soc. Entom. Fra.  50 (3-4): 336-342. PDF  

(26) Arambourou H., Beisel J.-N., Branchu P. and V. Debat. (2014) Exposure to sediments from polluted rivers has limited phenotypic effects on larvae and adults of Chironomus riparius. Science of the Total Environment  484: 92-101. PDF 


(25) Debat V and F Peronnet. (2013) Asymmetric flies: the control of developmental noise in Drosophila. Fly 7(2)  PDF  


(24) Arambourou H., Beisel J.-N., Branchu P. and V. Debat. (2012) Patterns of fluctuating asymmetry and shape variation in Chironomus riparius (Diptera, Chironomidae) exposed to nonylphenol or lead. PLoS ONE 7(11): e48844. PDF link 

(23) Yassin, A., N. Gidaszewski, B. Albert, J. Hivert, J. R. David, V. Orgogozo and V. Debat. (2012) The Drosophilidae (Diptera) of the Scattered Islands, with the description of a novel association with Leptadenia madagascariensis Decne. (Apocynaceae). Fly 6 (4): 298-302. PDF  

(22) Zimmermann G., N. Améziane, P. Bosc, R. Cornette, P. Valade and V. Debat. (2012) Geometric morphometrics of carapace of Macrobrachium australe (Crustacea: Palaemonidae) from Reunion Island. Acta Zoologica 93: 492-500. PDF


(21) Debat V, S. Bloyer, F. Faradji, N. Gidaszewski, N. Navarro, P. Orozco-terWengel, V. Ribeiro, C. Schlötterer, J. S. Deutsch and F. Peronnet. (2011) Developmental Stability: a Major Role for Cyclin G in Drosophila melanogaster. PLoS Genetics 7(10): e1002314 PDF  link 

(20) David J.R., A. Yassin, L.A. Razamizafi, L.H. Raveloson Ravaomanarivo and V. Debat. (2011) Scratching for food: an original feeding behavior in an African flower breeding Drosophila. Fly 5(4): 285-290  PDF link 


(19) Klingenberg, C.P., V. Debat and D.A. Roff. (2010)  Quantitative genetics of shape in cricket wings: developmental integration in a functional structure. Evolution 64-10: 2935–2951 PDF

(18) Alibert, P.,  Claude J., Debat, V., Garnier, S. and P. Neige. (2010) Les contraintes. In "Biologie Evolutive" Ed. Thomas, F., Raymond, M. & Lefebvre T., De Boeck. link


(17) Debat, V. A. Debelle and I Dworkin. (2009) Plasticity, canalization and developmental stability of the Drosophila wing: joint effects of mutations and of developmental temperature Evolution 63-11: 2864–2876 PDF 


(16) Debat V., Cornette R., Korol A. B., Nevo E., Soulet D. and David J. R. (2008) Multidimensional Analysis of Drosophila wing variation in Evolution Canyon. Journal of Genetics 87, 407–419 PDF 

(15) Loh, R., J.R. David, V. Debat and B.C. Bitner-Mathé. (2008). Adaptation to different climates results in divergent phenotypic plasticity of wing size and shape in an invasive drosophilid. Journal of Genetics. 87, 209–217 PDF 


(14) Volobouev, V., J.C. Auffray, V. Debat, C. Denys, J.C. Gautun and M. Tranier. (2007) Species delimitation in the Acomys cahirinus - dimidiatus complex (Rodentia, Muridae) inferred from chromosomal and morphological analyses. Biological Journal of the Linnean Society. 91: 203-214 PDF

(13) Debat V. (2007). Comment le milieu sculpte les gènes. Les Dossiers de La Recherche. 27: 28-33. (commissioned wide audience paper, in french) PDF 


(12) Debat, V., C. C. Milton, S. L. Rutherford, A. A. Hoffmann and C. P. Klingenberg (2006). Hsp90 and the quantitative variation of wing shape in Drosophila melanogaster. Evolution. 60(12): 2529–2538 PDF 

(11) Breuker, C. J., V. Debat and C. P. Klingenberg (2006). Functional Evo devo. Trends in Ecology and Evolution,  21 (9): 488-492 PDF

(10) Pétavy,G., J.R. David, V. Debat, C. Pertoldi and B. Moreteau (2005). Phenotypic and genetic variability of sternopleural bristle number of Drosophila melanogaster under daily thermal stresses: developmental instability and antisymmetry. Evolutionary Ecology Research 8: 149-167. PDF 


(9) Bégin, M., D. A. Roff and V. Debat (2004). The effects of temperature and wing morphology on the quantitative genetic variation of morphological traits in the sand cricket. Journal of Evolutionary Biology 17: 1255-1267. PDF 

(8) Ayrinhac, A., V. Debat, P. Gibert, A.-G. Kister, H. Legout, B. Moreteau, R. Vergilino and J. R. David (2004). Cold tolerance in temperate and tropical populations of Drosophila melanogaster: respective roles of genetic variability and phenotypic plasticity. Functional Ecology 18: 700-706. PDF 

(7) Pétavy, G., J. R. David, V. Debat, P. Gibert and B. Moreteau. (2004) Specific effects of cycling stressful temperatures upon phenotypic and genetic variability of size traits in Drosophila melanogaster. Evolutionary Ecology Research 6: 873-890. PDF 


(6) Debat, V., M. Bégin, H. Legout and J. R. David. (2003) Allometric and non-allometric components of Drosophila wing shape respond differently to developmental temperature. Evolution 57(12): 2773-2784. PDF 


(5) Quilleveré, F., V. Debat and J. –C. Auffray (2002). Ontogenetic and evolutionary patterns of shape differentiation during the initial diversification of Paleocene Acarininids (Planktonic forminifera). Paleobiology 4 (28): 435-448. PDF

(4) Debat, V. and J. R. David (2002). Analyzing phenotypic variation: when old-fashioned means up-to-date. Journal of Biosciences 27(3): 101-103. PDF


(3) Debat, V. and P. David (2001) - Mapping phenotypes: canalization, plasticity and developmental stability. Trends in Ecology and Evolution. 16(10): 555-561. PDF


(2) Debat, V., P. Alibert, P. David, E. Paradis and J. –C. Auffray. (2000) - Independence between canalisation and developmental stability in the skull of the house mouse. Proceedings of the Royal Society of London, Biology. 267: 423-430. PDF

    V. Debat, (2000). PhD Thesis - Approche théorique et morphométrique du contrôle de la variabilité morphologique. PDF (in french) 


(1) Auffray J. –C., V. Debat and P. Alibert. (1999) - Shape asymmetry and developmental stability. In On Growth and Form. Spatio temporal pattern formation in biology. M.A.J. Chaplain (ed). John Wiley & sons, Chiesester pp 309-324. PDF 


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